Daily Word Archives

Daily Word (30 November 2014)

Competence / Competency


| ˈkɒmpɪt(ə)ns | / | ˈkɒmpɪt(ə)nsi |

Definition

  • noun [mass noun]
    • the ability to do sth. successfully or efficiently
      • the legal authority of a court or other body to deal with a particular matter
      • (in linguistics; also ‘linguistic competence’ or ‘language competence’) a person’s subconscious knowledge of the rules governing the formation of speech in their first language
      • (in biology and medicine) effective performance of the normal function
    • (dated) an income large enough to live on, typically unearned

Etymology (competent)

Late Middle English (“suitable”, “adequate”) from Latin competent-, from the verb competere in its earlier sense “to be fit or proper”.

In Other Languages

  • Bahasa Indonesia: kompetensikemampuankesanggupan
  • بهاس ملايو:
    • كچكڤن (kecekapan)
  • Cebuano: katakuskahanas
  • Deutsch:
    • die Kompetenz (ability)
    • die Zuständigkeit (office)
  • Español: la competencia, la aptitud
  • Filipino: kagalingankakayahanliksi
  • Français: la compétence, la capacité
  • 한국어: 능력 (neunglyeog)
  • Italiano: la competenza, la capacità
  • ភាសាខ្មែរ: សមត្ថកិច្ច (samotthakech)
  • Latino: competentia
  • မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကျွမ်းကျင်လိမ္မာမှု
  • 日本語: 能力 (のうりょく), 適任 (てきにん)
  • ພາສາລາວ: ສາມາດແຂ່ງຂັນ (samadaekhngkhan)
  • ภาษาไทย:
    • ความสามารถ (khwām s̄āmārt̄h) (ability)
    • อำนาจ (xảnāc) (office)
  • தமிழ்: ஈடுசெய் (īṭucey)
  • Tiếng Việt:
    • thẩm quyền (ability)
    • chức vụ (office)
  • 中文: 權限 / 权限 (quánxiàn)

 

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